Transport Canada International Agreements

[Image] | COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES | Brussels, 9.1.2007COM (2006) 871 final. COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION Development of a Community civil aviation policy towards Canada1. INTRODUCTION1.1 Traditionally, international air transport has been governed by bilateral agreements between states. However, the so-called `open skies` judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Communities of 5 November 2002 marked the beginning of an external aviation policy at Community level. As stated in the European Commission Communication “Developing the Community`s External Aviation Policy Agenda”[1], targeted agreements between the European Community and certain third countries will have considerable added value in creating new economic opportunities by opening up markets and promoting investment opportunities. In addition, such agreements will be the best way to ensure fair competition and high standards of safety, security and environmental protection, promoting regulatory cooperation and convergence. This is why the European Commission has proposed to enter into targeted negotiations with a view to reaching comprehensive aviation agreements in the main regions of the world, with a view to strengthening the prospects for promoting European industry and ensuring fair competition, while reforming international civil aviation.1.2 With its market-oriented economic and transport policy and high regulatory standards, Canada is a strong country. Candidate for a new generation aviation agreement with the European Community. Air traffic between the EU and Canada doubled between 2000 and 2005 and Canada is a leading partner of the EU in air transport. In 2005, 8.5 million passengers travelled between the EU and Canada.

[2]1.3 The new Canadian government has stated that it is ready to enter into negotiations with the European Union to liberalize air relations, which are currently based on bilateral air transport agreements between Member States and Canada. An air transport liberalization agreement with Canada would bring economic benefits to air carriers and airports. Passengers, shippers, the tourism industry and the economy as a whole, both within the European Union and in Canada. According to an economic study commissioned by the Commission, more than nine million additional passengers are expected after the market opens. In addition, open airspace should allow consumers to benefit from at least €72 million. The agreement would further strengthen transatlantic economic relations and complement the air services agreement between the United States and the European Union. In addition, and equally important, it will be a milestone towards an international reform of the regulatory framework for the aviation sector.1.4 With this Communication, the Commission therefore recommends that the Council authorise the Commission to negotiate, on behalf of the European Community, a comprehensive open airspace agreement with Canada. This would combine market opening with a parallel process of regulatory cooperation and convergence, in particular in priority areas such as aviation safety, safety, environmental protection, passenger protection and competition enforcement, ensuring a level and level playing field.2. THE EXISTING LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR AIR SERVICES BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY AND CANADATBILATÉRAUX AIR SERVICES AGREEMENTS BETWEEN EU Member States and Canada2.1 Currently, air traffic between Canada and the EU is governed by 17 bilateral air services agreements. Currently, there are no air agreements between Canada and the other 8 EU Member States. [3] Existing air agreements between EU Member States and Canada do not allow airlines, passengers and shippers to reap the full benefits of open markets. In addition, there are considerable differences between these agreements, which create an unbalanced framework for air services between the EU and Canada, given that not all agreements are as liberal in terms of freedoms and available capacity.

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